An essential factor in implementing CSR is the involvement and role model function played by the management and business owners. CSR should influence every area of a business and its strategies and form a key component of corporate culture. Exercising CSR also brings benefits for example when participating in public tenders or using Swiss Export Risk Insurance services.
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises in practice
The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises represent the most comprehensive multilateral code of conduct for ensuring responsible business conduct. They are directed towards all companies that operate on an international scale – from small businesses to large corporations. By publishing a guidance, SECO and the Global Compact Network Switzerland support enterprises with the implementation of the OECD Guidelines. This guidance contains helpful information on the implementation of CSR principles and uses case studies to illustrate how the principles are applied in practice. The guidance also includes a self-test (PDF, 66 kB, 04.12.2019) that allows you to evaluate the individual strengths and risks at your enterprise as they relate to CSR.
CSR and Due Diligence procedure concerning human rights for SMEs
Turning to corporate social responsibility is a way for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to become greener and more socially conscious and therefore optimize their production (cf. CSR for SMEs).
The brochure (PDF, 14 MB, 11.06.2019) on human rights due diligence of SMEs of SECO and the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs gives a practical overview of the opportunities and challenges of responsible business conduct. It provides international and national guidelines on this subject. It also provides tips for integrating human rights into corporate governance. The brochure provides an overview of the steps required to implement human rights due diligence. It provides specific information for human risk assessment.
Environmental hotspots in the supply chain of Swiss companies
There is therefore an onus on businesses to think about their supply chains and to create transparency about impacts at upstream stages of the value chain. To assist companies in this task, the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), working closely with the private sector, carried out the study “Environmental Atlas of Swiss Supply Chains” to identify environmental hotspots in the supply chains of eight key Swiss industries and measures to avoid or mitigate negative impacts on the environment.
Reporting and measuring responsible business conduct
Companies can base their reporting in particular on international standards. This includes reporting on the implementation of the ten principles of the UN Global Compact and the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). Based on the GRI, companies should report on possible significant effects on, for example, human rights and the environment.
Furthermore, a company's commitment to CSR can be made visible and documented by certifying its management system and product. The most well-known are ISO 14000 standards for environmental management, ISO 9001 for quality management and for example the labels supported by SECO.
B Lab a non-profit organization has developed the free and confidential online tool B Impact Assessment which companies can use to measure their impact on workers, community, environment, and customers. To assess the contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals companies can apply the SDG Action Manager and participate in the 2020 launched Swiss Triple Impact program that will guide them through the SDG assessment.
In the case of public procurement by the federal government, suppliers must comply with the relevant provisions regarding employee protection and employment conditions in addition to guaranteeing equal pay for men and women. If the service is provided abroad, suppliers must guarantee compliance with the 8 fundamental conventions of the International Labour Organisation as a minimum. Sustainability aspects (e.g. environmental issues) can also be one of the required supplementary criteria. In the event of equal bids by Swiss suppliers, the government also takes into account whether the supplier offers apprenticeships (Federal Act and Ordinance on Public Procurement; SR 172.056.1 and 172.056.11).
The platform Boussole de Durabilité (sustainability compass) keeps enterprises and public procurers informed about sustainable procurement. It contains a database of social and environmental standards and information on developing sustainable procurement management. The ITC Standards Map also provides information about sustainability codices, standards and labels.
The Communauté d’Intérêt Ecologie et Marché Suisse (Community for environmentally friendly procurement in Switzerland) offers specialist information, for example on specific product groups (textiles, cleaning products).
Swiss Export Risk Insurance (SERV)
When evaluating insurance applications, SERV prioritises OECD Guidelines on sustainable lending to low-income countries, as well as environmental, social and human rights aspects, and anti corruption. In the process, it draws on the SERV’s Guidelines for reviewing environmental, social and human rights issues and above all takes into account the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, including any reports presented by the National Contact Point of Switzerland.